Amino Acids

Amino Acids

Amino acids

Amino acids are the building blocks of life. They are the tiny components from which proteins such as enzymes and neurotransmitters are made. They have a place at the very centre of human metabolism and are an integral part of almost any physiological process. Altogether there are more than 200 amino acids, of which 22 form tissue such as muscles, skin, blood vessels, tendons, hair, etc. These are called proteinogenic amino acids.

In contrast to the other two energy-carriers, carbohydrates and fats, amino acids and proteins contain nitrogen atoms (chemical symbol N). This is why they are so important: they are the body’s only source of the nitrogen, which is essential to life.

These are the main functions of amino acids and proteins:

  • They are the building blocks of muscles, tendons, ligaments, skin, hair and connective tissue. Keratin, which forms hair structure, is made of amino acids.
  • Amino acids are the building blocks of DNA, which holds all our genetic information.
  • Amino acids repair injured tissue.
  • Amino acids are intimately involved in the immune system, being the building blocks of the immune cells.
  • Amino acids are the basic material for enzymes, participating in practically all metabolic changes.
  • Amino acids are the foundation of hormones, chemical messengers that carry reactions to specific parts of the body.
  • Amino acids are transportation molecules.
  • Amino acids can also supply energy.

 

 

7 Item(s)

 

 

7 Item(s)

 

7 Item(s)

 

 

7 Item(s)